Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera

Authors

  • Dyana Destylya Universitas Sumateran Utara
  • Bintang YM Sinaga Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Parluhutan Siagian Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Putri Chairani Eyanoer Universitas Sumatera Utara

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36497/respirsci.v2i3.53

Keywords:

COVID-19, Characteristics, Degree of disease

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The increase in the number of COVID-19 cases was happening quite quickly and has spread between countries so that COVID-19 has become a pandemic in the world. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of COVID-19 patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan.

Method: This was a descriptive study. Data were taken from the medical records of 110 hospitalized patients with positive RT-PCR results for COVID-19 from December 2020 to April 2021. The inclusion criteria for the case samples were patients diagnosed with COVID-19 based on RT-PCR and the exclusion criteria were incomplete medical records. Characteristic analysis was carried out using the Kruskal Wallis test.

Results: The most common comorbidities found in patients with severe COVID-19 were diabetes mellitus and HIV. The most common comorbidity found in moderate-level COVID-19 patients was pregnant women. The most common chest X-rays finding in severe and critical levels was bilateral infiltrates. Recovered patients were mostly obtained at moderate level, while deceased patients were mostly observed at critical levels.

Conclusion: Characteristics of COVID-19 patients at Haji Adam Malik General Hospital were classified based on the degree of disease by age, lymphocyte value, N/L ratio, levels of CRP, D-dimer, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, ferritin, and comorbidities as well as the appearance of infiltrates in both lung fields.

Author Biographies

Dyana Destylya, Universitas Sumateran Utara

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine

Bintang YM Sinaga, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine

Parluhutan Siagian, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine

Putri Chairani Eyanoer, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine

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Published

2022-06-02

How to Cite

Destylya, D. ., Sinaga, B. Y. ., Siagian, P. ., & Eyanoer, P. C. . (2022). Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera. Respiratory Science, 2(3), 132-142. https://doi.org/10.36497/respirsci.v2i3.53