Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Respiratory Science follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

The authors should ensure that all procedures in research involving the use of animals or human participants were performed in compliance with relevant guidelines and regulations by including institutions and/or licensing committees that have given approval; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. The authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.

The following are ethical standards for editors, peer-reviewers, and authors.

A. Duties of Editors

1. Decision of publication
The editors are responsible for publishing suitable manuscripts for the journal. For that matter, the editors are obliged to discuss with the editorial board and the peer-reviewers regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism of a manuscript during the publication process.

2. Fairness
The editors evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content objectively, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author. The editors must relinquish their duties if there is a potential conflict of interest obstructing the publication process.

3. Confidentiality
The editors and editorial board must ensure that no author information and peer review are known to each other. The editors may not follow the author's request to adjust the peer-reviewer as desired. The editors' decision and the peer-reviewer comments must be made known to the author, except for offensive or defamation statements.

4. Disclosure and conflict of interest
Material that is not published in the manuscript submitted may not be used in the research of the editors themselves without the written consent of the author.

5. Publishing
The editors must ensure that the publisher does not have the right to alter the integrity of the content. The editors must ensure the publisher will and has published the manuscript on time.

B. Duties of Peer-reviewers

1. Contribution to editorial decisions
The reviewers help editors make editorial decisions by commenting on research errors and publication ethics. The reviewers help the authors improve the paper through editorial communication with the author.

2. Promptness
The reviewers must complete the work on time. The reviewers must notify the editors and withdraw from the review process if one is ineligible to review the manuscript or cannot finish on time.

3. Confidentiality
Manuscripts that are reviewed may not be shown or discussed with others unless authorized by the editors.

4. Standards of objectivity
The review process must be objective without containing personal criticism of the author. The reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

5. Acknowledgement of sources
The reviewers must identify each statement is the result of observation or argument accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewers must ask the editor to pay attention to the similarity of the substance or overlap between the manuscripts to be published.

6. Disclosure and conflict of interest
The reviewers may not review texts where they have a conflict of interest arising from competition, collaboration or other relationships with the author, any company or institution connected with the text. Information obtained by the reviewers must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

C. Duties of Authors

1. Writing Standards
The authors of the original research must present accurate data along with an objective discussion, written in detail using enough references to enable others to replicate the work. The authors are not permitted to publish the respondent's personal information in the form of a photo description or genealogy. The authors must obtain written approval and have stated it clearly if he included a photo of the respondent that was considered important and needed as scientific information,

2. Originality and plagiarism
The authors must make sure the manuscript is an original work. If the authors use the work and/or words of others must be quoted properly. False or intentionally inaccurate statements contained in the text cannot be tolerated.

3. Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/publication
The authors are not allowed to publish the same manuscript or with the same basic research description in more than one journal simultaneously.

4. Acknowledgment of sources
The authors must cite influential publications as a form of recognition of the work of others.

5. Authorship of manuscript
Authors who have made significant contributions (conception, design, implementation or interpretation of research) must be registered as co-authors. Authors who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research must be recognized or registered as contributors. The correspondent author or lead author along with his co-authors have seen and agreed to the final version of the manuscript and agreed to the publication submission. The correspondent author or lead author must ensure that all authors listed are eligible to be co-authors

6. Disclosure and conflict of interest
All sources of financial support for research must be mentioned. The author must explain in the text all other financial or substantive conflicts of interest that are interpreted as affecting the outcome or interpretation of the text.

7. Fundamental errors in published works
The author is obliged to notify the editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript if significant errors or inaccuracies are found in the manuscript.